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Nuclear Chemistry & Engineering

Bruce Arey

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352

PNNL Publications


  • Chang Q, P Rudenko, D Miller, J Wen, D Berman, Y Zhang, BW Arey, Z Zhu, and A Erdemir. 2017. "Operando Formation Of An Ultra-low Friction Boundary Film From Synthetic Magnesium Silicon Hydroxide Additive." Tribology International 110:35-40.  doi:10.1016/j.triboint.2017.02.003
  • Dohnalkova A, BW Arey, T Varga, MD Miller, and L Kovarik. 2017. "Imaging and Analytical Approaches for Characterization of Soil Mineral Weathering." Microscopy and Microanalysis 23(S1):2172-2173.  doi:10.1017/S1431927617011527
  • Jana S, A Devaraj, L Kovarik, BW Arey, LE Sweet, T Varga, CA Lavender, and VV Joshi. 2017. "Kinetics of cellular transformation and competing precipitation mechanisms during sub-eutectoid annealing of U10Mo alloys." Journal of Alloys and Compounds 723:751-771.  doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.06.292
  • Kennedy ZC, DE Stephenson, JF Christ, TR Pope, BW Arey, CA Barrett, and MG Warner. 2017. "Enhanced anti-counterfeiting measures for additive manufacturing: coupling lanthanide nanomaterial chemical signatures with blockchain technology." Journal of Materials Chemistry C 5(37):9570-9578.  doi:10.1039/C7TC03348F
  • Kennedy ZC, JF Christ, KA Evans, BW Arey, LE Sweet, MG Warner, RL Erikson, and CA Barrett. 2017. "3D-Printed Poly(vinylidene fluoride) / Carbon Nanotube Composites as a Tunable, Low-Cost Chemical Vapour Sensing Platform." Nanoscale 9(17):5458-5466.  doi:10.1039/C7NR00617A
  • Qafoku O, CI Pearce, A Neumann, L Kovarik, M Zhu, ES Ilton, ME Bowden, CT Resch, BW Arey, E Arenholz, AR Felmy, and KM Rosso. 2017. "Tc(VII) and Cr(VI) Interaction with a Naturally Reduced Ferruginous Smectite from the Redox Transition Zone." Environmental Science & Technology 51(16):9042-9052.  doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b02191
  • Yao J, BW Arey, L Yang, F Zhang, RE Komorek, J Chun, and XY Yu. 2017. "In Situ Characterization of Boehmite Particles in Water Using Liquid SEM." Journal of Visualized Experiments (127):Video No. e56058.  doi:10.3791/56058


  • Williams BD, JJ Neeway, MMV Snyder, ME Bowden, JE Amonette, BW Arey, EM Pierce, CF Brown, and N Qafoku. 2016. "Mineral Assemblage Transformation of a Metakaolin-based Waste Form After Geopolymer Encapsulation." Journal of Nuclear Materials 473:320-332.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.12.023
  • Devaraj A, L Kovarik, VV Joshi, S Jana, S Manandhar, BW Arey, and CA Lavender. 2016. High-Resolution Characterization of UMo Alloy MicrostructurePNNL-26020, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Fahey AJ, DE Perea, JAG Bartrand, BW Arey, and S Thevuthasan. 2016. "Uranium Isotopic Ratio Measurements of U3O8 Reference Materials by Atom Probe Tomography." Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 153:206-213.  doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2015.12.018
  • Kaplan DI, RK Kukkadapu, JC Seaman, BW Arey, A Dohnalkova, S Buttner, D Li, T Varga, KG Scheckel, and PR Jaffe. 2016. "Iron Mineralogy and Uranium-Binding Environment in the Rhizosphere of a Wetland Soil." Science of Total Environment 569-570:53-64.  doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.06.120
  • Lao D, RK Kukkadapu, L Kovarik, BW Arey, DJ Heldebrant, and SK Nune. 2016. "Switchable Ionic Liquids: An Environmentally-friendly Medium to Synthesize Nanoparticulate Green Rust." Current Inorganic Chemistry 6(2):92-99.  doi:10.2174/1877944106999160317160621
  • Levitskaia TG, S Chatterjee, N Pence, J Romero, T Varga, MH Engelhard, Y Du, L Kovarik, BW Arey, ME Bowden, and ED Walter. 2016. "Inorganic Tin Aluminophosphate Nanocomposite for Reductive Separation of Pertechnetate." Environmental Science: Nano 3(2):1003-1013.  doi:10.1039/C6EN00130K
  • Levitskaia TG, S Chatterjee, BW Arey, EL Campbell, Y Hong, L Kovarik, JM Peterson, N Pence, J Romero, V Shutthanandan, B Schwenzer, and T Varga. 2016. "RedOx-Controlled Sorption of Iodine Anions by Hydrotalcite Composites." RSC Advances 6(79):76042-76055.  doi:10.1039/c6ra13092e
  • Shin Y, J Tao, BW Arey, C Wang, GJ Exarhos, JJ De Yoreo, ML Sushko, and J Liu. 2016. "Double epitaxy as a paradigm for templated growth of highly ordered three-dimensional mesophase crystals." ACS Nano 10(9):8670-8675.  doi:10.1021/acsnano.6b03999
  • Wang B, DA Knopf, S China, BW Arey, T Harder, MK Gilles, and A Laskin. 2016. "Direct observation of ice nucleation events on individual atmospheric particles." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 18(43):29721-29731.  doi:10.1039/c6cp05253c
  • Wang B, HT Harder, ST Kelly, D`Y Piens, S China, L Kovarik, M Keiluweit, BW Arey, MK Gilles, and A Laskin. 2016. "Airborne Soil Organic Particles Generated by Precipitation." Nature Geoscience 9(6):433-438.  doi:10.1038/NGEO2705


  • Polikarpov E, D Catalini, AB Padmaperuma, P Das, TL Lemmon, BW Arey, and CA Fernandez. 2015. "A High Efficiency Rare Earth-Free Orange Emitting Phosphor." Optical Materials 46:614-618.  doi:10.1016/j.optmat.2015.04.013
  • Arey BW, JJ Park, and G Mayer. 2015. "Fibrillar Organic Phases And Their Roles In Rigid Biological Composites." Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 46:343-349.  doi:10.1016/j.jmbbm.2015.01.011
  • Bowers GM, HE Argersinger, V Reddy, TA Johnson, BW Arey, ME Bowden, and RJ Kirkpatrick. 2015. "Integrated Molecular and Microscopic Scale Insight into Morphology and Ion Dynamics in Ca2+-Mediated Natural Organic Matter Floccs." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119(31):17773-17783.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b05509
  • Cheng Y, RM Stolley, KS Han, Y Shao, BW Arey, NM Washton, KT Mueller, ML Helm, VL Sprenkle, J Liu, and G Li. 2015. "Highly Active Electrolytes for Rechargeable Mg Batteries Based on [Mg2(-Cl)2]2+ Cation Complex in Dimethoxyethane." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 17(20):13307-13314.  doi:10.1039/C5CP00859J
  • El-Khoury PZ, Y Gong, P Abellan, BW Arey, AG Joly, D Hu, JE Evans, ND Browning, and WP Hess. 2015. "Tip-Enhanced Raman Nanographs: Mapping Topography and Local Electric Fields." Nano Letters 15(4):2385-2390.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00609
  • Felmy AR, O Qafoku, BW Arey, L Kovarik, J Liu, DE Perea, and ES Ilton. 2015. "Enhancing Magnesite Formation at Low Temperature and High CO2 Pressure: The Impact of Seed Crystals and Minor Components." Chemical Geology 395:119-125.  doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.12.003
  • Ilton ES, TC Droubay, AM Chaka, L Kovarik, T Varga, BW Arey, and SN Kerisit. 2015. "Epitaxial single-crystal thin films of MnxTi1-xO2-d grown on (rutile)TiO2 substrates with pulsed laser deposition: Experiment and theory." Surface Science 632:185-194.  doi:10.1016/j.susc.2014.10.013
  • Nune SK, PK Thallapally, BP McGrail, HV Annapureddy, LX Dang, D Mei, NK Karri, KJ Alvine, MJ Olszta, BW Arey, and A Dohnalkova. 2015. "Adsorption Kinetics in Nanoscale Porous Coordination Polymers ." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 7(39):21712-21716.  doi:10.1021/acsami.5b04109
  • Perea DE, I Arslan, J Liu, Z Ristanovic, L Kovarik, BW Arey, JA Lercher, SR Bare, and BM Weckhuysen. 2015. "Determining the Location and Nearest Neighbors of Aluminum in Zeolites with Atom Probe Tomography." Nature Communications 6:Article No. 7589.  doi:10.1038/ncomms8589
  • Pomraning KR, S Wei, SA Karagiosis, YM Kim, A Dohnalkova, BW Arey, EL Bredeweg, G Orr, TO Metz, and SE Baker. 2015. "Comprehensive metabolomic, lipidomic and microscopic profiling of Yarrowia lipolytica during lipid accumulation identifies targets for increased lipogenesis." PLoS One 10(4):e0123188.  doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0123188
  • Qafoku O, DA Dixon, KM Rosso, HT Schaef, ME Bowden, BW Arey, and AR Felmy. 2015. "Dynamics of Magnesite Formation at Low-Temperature and High pCO2 in Aqueous Solution." Environmental Science & Technology 49(17):10736-10744.  doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b02588


  • Jeon JW, R Sharma, P Meduri, BW Arey, HT Schaef, J Lutkenhaus, JP Lemmon, PK Thallapally, MI Nandasiri, BP McGrail, and SK Nune. 2014. "In Situ One-Step Synthesis of Hierarchical Nitrogen-Doped Porous Carbon for High Performance Supercapacitors." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 6(10):7214-7222.  doi:10.1021/am500339x
  • Bishop ME, P Glasser, H Dong, BW Arey, and L Kovarik. 2014. "Reduction And Immobilization Of Hexavalent Chromium By Microbially Reduced Fe-bearing Clay Minerals." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 133:186-203.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2014.02.040
  • Ji L, M Gu, Y Shao, X Li, MH Engelhard, BW Arey, W Wang, Z Nie, J Xiao, CM Wang, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2014. "Controlling SEI Formation on SnSb-Porous Carbon Nanofibers for Improved Na Ion Storage." Advanced Materials 26(18):2901-2908.  doi:10.1002/adma.201304962
  • Jung HB, S Kabilan, JP Carson, AP Kuprat, W Um, PF Martin, ME Dahl, TA Kafentzis, T Varga, SA Stephens, BW Arey, KC Carroll, A Bonneville, and CA Fernandez. 2014. "Wellbore cement fracture evolution at the cement-basalt caprock interface during geologic carbon sequestration." Applied Geochemistry 47:1-16.  doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.04.010
  • Qafoku N, BN Gartman, RK Kukkadapu, BW Arey, KH Williams, PJ Mouser, SM Heald, JR Bargar, N Janot, SB Yabusaki, and PE Long. 2014. "Geochemical and Mineralogical Investigation of Uranium in Multi-element Contaminated, Organic-rich Subsurface Sediment ." Applied Geochemistry 42:77-85.  doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2013.12.001
  • Qafoku O, JZ Hu, NJ Hess, MY Hu, ES Ilton, J Feng, BW Arey, and AR Felmy. 2014. "Formation of Submicron Magnesite during Reaction of Natural Forsterite in H2O-Saturated Supercritical CO2." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 134:197-209.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2013.09.024
  • Xu M, L Kovarik, BW Arey, AR Felmy, KM Rosso, and SN Kerisit. 2014. "Kinetics and Mechanisms of Cadmium Carbonate Heteroepitaxial Growth at the Calcite (1014) Surface." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 134:221-233.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2013.11.036


  • Arey BW, L Kovarik, O Qafoku, Z Wang, NJ Hess, and AR Felmy. 2013. "Identification of Fragile Microscopic Structures during Mineral Transformations in Wet Supercritical CO2." Microscopy and Microanalysis 19(2):268-275.  doi:10.1017/S1431927612014171
  • Fan D, R Anitori, BM Tebo, PG Tratnyek, JS Lezama Pacheco, RK Kukkadapu, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, L Kovarik, and BW Arey. 2013. "Reductive Sequestration Of Pertechnetate (99TcO4-) By Nano Zerovalent Iron (nZVI) Transformed By Abiotic Sulfide." Environmental Science & Technology 47(10):5302-5310.  doi:10.1021/es304829z
  • Jagielski J, PA Jozwik, I Jozwik Biala, L Kovarik, BW Arey, J Gaca, and W Jiang. 2013. "RBS/C, HRTEM and HRXRD study of damage accumulation in irradiated SrTiO3." Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids 168(6):442-449.  doi:10.1080/10420150.2013.787796
  • Jozwik Biala I, JK Jagielski, BW Arey, L Kovarik, G Sattonay, A Debelle, S Mylonas, I Monnet, and L Thome. 2013. "Effect of combined local variations in elastic and inelastic energy losses on the morphology of tracks in ion-irradiated materials." Acta Materialia 61(12):4669-4675.  doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2013.04.037
  • Jozwik PA, N Sathish, L Nowicki, J Jagielski, AW Turos, L Kovarik, BW Arey, V Shutthanandan, W Jiang, J Dyczewski, and A Barcz. 2013. "Analysis of Crystal Lattice Deformation by Ion Channeling." Acta Physica Polonica. Series A: General Physics, Physics of Condensed Matter, Optics and Quantum Electronics, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Applied Physics 123(5):828-830.  doi:10.12693/APhysPolA.123.828
  • Miller QRS, CJ Thompson, JS Loring, CF Windisch, Jr, ME Bowden, DW Hoyt, JZ Hu, BW Arey, KM Rosso, and HT Schaef. 2013. "Insights into Silicate Carbonation Processes in Water-Bearing Supercritical CO2 Fluids." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 15:104-118.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.02.005
  • Moon GH, Y Shin, D Choi, BW Arey, GJ Exarhos, CM Wang, W Choi, and J Liu. 2013. "Catalytic Templating Approaches for Three-Dimensional Hollow Carbon/Graphene Oxide Nano-Architectures." Nanoscale 5(14):6291-6296.  doi:10.1039/C3NR01387A
  • Schaef HT, BP McGrail, AT Owen, and BW Arey. 2013. "Mineralization of Basalts in the CO2-H2O-H2S System." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 16:187-196.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.03.020
  • Schaef HT, BP McGrail, JS Loring, ME Bowden, BW Arey, and KM Rosso. 2013. "Forsterite [Mg2SiO4)] Carbonation in Wet Supercritical CO2: An in situ High Pressure X-Ray Diffraction Study." Environmental Science & Technology 47(1):174-181.  doi:10.1021/es301126f
  • Schaef HT, QRS Miller, CJ Thompson, JS Loring, ME Bowden, BW Arey, BP McGrail, and KM Rosso. 2013. "Silicate Carbonation in Supercritical CO2 Containing Dissolved H2O: An in situ High Pressure X-Ray Diffraction Study." Energy Procedia 37:5892-5896.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.514
  • Wang CM, TC Kaspar, V Shutthanandan, AG Joly, L Kovarik, BW Arey, M Gu, A Devaraj, BD Wirth, and RJ Kurtz. 2013. "Structure And Radiation Damage Behavior Of Epitaxial CrxMo1-x Alloy Thin Films On MgO." Journal of Nuclear Materials 437(1-3):55-61.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.01.345
  • Williams KH, MJ Wilkins, AL N'Guessan, BW Arey, EN Dodova, A Dohnalkova, D Holmes, DR Lovley, and PE Long. 2013. "Field evidence of selenium bioreduction in a uranium-contaminated aquifer." Environmental Microbiology Reports 5(3):444-452.  doi:10.1111/1758-2229.12032


  • Alvine KJ, V Shutthanandan, BW Arey, CM Wang, WD Bennett, and SG Pitman. 2012. "Pb nanowire formation on Al/lead zirconate titanate surfaces in high-pressure hydrogen." Journal of Applied Physics 112(1):Article No. 013533.  doi:10.1063/1.4731721
  • Dimkpa CO, JE McLean, DW Britt, WP Johnson, BW Arey, AS Lea, and AJ Anderson. 2012. "Nanospecific Inhibition of Pyoverdine Siderophore Production in Pseudomonas Chlororaphis O6 by CuO Nanoparticles." Chemical Research in Toxicology 25(5):1066-1074.  doi:10.1021/tx3000285
  • Felmy AR, O Qafoku, BW Arey, JZ Hu, MY Hu, HT Schaef, ES Ilton, NJ Hess, CI Pearce, J Feng, and KM Rosso. 2012. "Reaction of Water-Saturated Supercritical CO2 with Forsterite: Evidence for Magnesite Formation at Low Temperatures." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 91:271-282.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2012.05.026
  • Jiang W, RM Van Ginhoven, L Kovarik, JE Jaffe, and BW Arey. 2012. "Superlattice Structure and Precipitates in O+ and Zr+ Ion Coimplanted SrTiO3: a Model Waste Form for 90Sr." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116(31):16709-16715.  doi:10.1021/jp301343b
  • Jozwik Biala I, JK Jagielski, L Thome, BW Arey, L Kovarik, G Sattonay, A Debelle, and I Monnet. 2012. "HRTEM study of track evolution in 120-MeV U irradiated Gd2Ti2O7." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 286:258-261.  doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2011.12.040
  • Kuchibhatla SVNT, V Shutthanandan, TJ Prosa, P Adusumilli, BW Arey, A Buxbaum, YC Wang, T Tessner, RM Ulfig, CM Wang, and S Thevuthasan. 2012. "Three-dimensional Chemical Imaging of Embedded Nanoparticles using Atom Probe Tomography." Nanotechnology 23(21):Article No. 215704.  doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/21/215704
  • Moon GH, Y Shin, BW Arey, CM Wang, GJ Exarhos, W Choi, and J Liu. 2012. "Carbon dioxide-assisted fabrication of highly uniform submicron-sized colloidal carbon spheres via hydrothermal carbonization using soft drink." Colloid and Polymer Science 290(15):1567-1573.  doi:10.1007/s00396-012-2729-4
  • Peretyazhko T, JM Zachara, RK Kukkadapu, SM Heald, IV Kutnyakov, CT Resch, BW Arey, CM Wang, L Kovarik, JL Phillips, and DA Moore. 2012. "Pertechnetate (TcO4-) reduction by reactive ferrous iron forms in naturally anoxic, redox transition zone sediments from the Hanford Site, USA." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 92:48-66. 
  • Qafoku O, L Kovarik, RK Kukkadapu, ES Ilton, BW Arey, J Tucek, and AR Felmy. 2012. "Fayalite Dissolution and Siderite Formation in Water-Saturated Supercritical CO2." Chemical Geology 332-333:124-135.  doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2012.09.028
  • Smid B, Z Li, A Dohnalkova, BW Arey, RS Smith, V Matolin, BD Kay, and Z Dohnalek. 2012. "Characterization of Nanoporous WO3 Films Grown via Ballistic Deposition." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116(19):10649-10655.  doi:10.1021/jp3015723


  • Arey BW, L Kovarik, Z Wang, and AR Felmy. 2011. "Investigation of Mineral Transformations in Wet Supercritical CO2 by Electron Microscopy." Microscopy and Microanalysis 17(Suppl S2):1928-1929.  doi:10.1017/S1431927611010518
  • Arey BW, V Shutthanandan, Y Xie, A Tolic, NG Williams, and G Orr. 2011. "Investigation of Cellular Interactions of Nanoparticles by Helium Ion Microscopy." In Scanning Microscopies 2011: Advanced Microscopy Technologies for Defense, Homeland Security, Forensic, Life, Environmental, and Industrial Sciences, April 26, 2011, Orlando, Florida. Proceedings of the SPIE, vol. 8036, ed. MT Postek, et al, p. Paper No. 80360K.  SPIE, Bellingham, WA.  doi:10.1117/12.887141
  • Skomurski FN, ES Ilton, MH Engelhard, BW Arey, and KM Rosso. 2011. "Heterogeneous Reduction of U6+ by Structural Fe2+ From Theory and Experiment." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75(22):7277-7290.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.08.006
  • Cantrell KJ, SM Heald, BW Arey, and MJ Lindberg. 2011. "Inhibited Release of Mobile Contaminants from Hanford Tank Residual Waste." In Waste Management 2011: Global Achievements and Challenges in Waste Management, February 27-March 3, 2011, Phoenix, Arizona, p. Paper No. 11447.  WM Symposia, Tucson, AZ. 
  • Chambers SA, L Qiao, TC Droubay, TC Kaspar, BW Arey, and PV Sushko. 2011. "Band Alignment, Built-In Potential, and the Absence of Conductivity at the LaCrO3/SrTiO3(001) Heterojunction." Physical Review Letters 107(20):Article No. 206802.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.206802
  • Dohnalkova A, MJ Marshall, BW Arey, KH Williams, EC Buck, and JK Fredrickson. 2011. "Imaging Hydrated Microbial Extracellular Polymers: Comparative Analysis by Electron Microscopy ." Applied and Environmental Microbiology 77(4):1254-1262.  doi:10.1128/AEM.02001-10
  • Lea AS, BC Kabius, BW Arey, L Kovarik, CM Wang, G Orr, I Lyubinetsky, and RR Carper. 2011. "Quietly Building Capabilities: New Instruments, Expertise, "Quiet Wing" Available at DOE User Facility." Microscopy Today 19(5):48-53.  doi:10.1017/S1551929511000964
  • Pan A, D Choi, J Zhang, S Liang, G Cao, Z Nie, BW Arey, and J Liu. 2011. "High-Rate Cathodes Based on Li3V2(PO4)3 Nanobelts Prepared via Surfactant-Assisted Fabrication." Journal of Power Sources 196(7):3646-3649.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.12.067
  • Pan A, J Zhang, G Cao, S Liang, CM Wang, Z Nie, BW Arey, W Xu, D Liu, J Xiao, G Li, and J Liu. 2011. "Nanosheet-structured LiV3O8 with high capacity and excellent stability for high energy lithium batteries ." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(27):10077-10084.  doi:10.1039/C1JM10976F
  • Wallace PK, BW Arey, and WF Mahaffee. 2011. "Subsurface Examination of a Foliar Biofilm Using Scanning Electron- and Focused-Ion-Beam Microscopy." Micron 42(6):579-585. 
  • Wang CM, W Xu, J Liu, J Zhang, LV Saraf, BW Arey, D Choi, Z Yang, J Xiao, S Thevuthasan, and DR Baer. 2011. "In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Observation of Microstructure and Phase Evolution in a SnO2 Nanowire during Lithium Intercalation." Nano Letters 11(5):1874-1880.  doi:10.1021/nl200272n
  • Zachara JM, RK Kukkadapu, T Peretyazhko, ME Bowden, CM Wang, DW Kennedy, DA Moore, and BW Arey. 2011. "The Mineralogic Transformation of Ferrihydrite Induced by Heterogeneous Reaction with Bioreduced Anthraquinone Disulfonate (AQDS) and the Role of Phosphate." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75(21):6330-6349.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.06.030


  • Cantrell KJ, KM Krupka, KN Geiszler, BW Arey, and HT Schaef. 2010. Hanford Site Tank 241-C-108 Residual Waste Contaminant Release Models and Supporting Data PNNL-19425, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Felmy AR, O Qafoku, BW Arey, and KD Boomer. 2010. Chemical Species in the Vapor Phase of Hanford Double-Shell Tanks: Potential Impacts on Waste Tank Corrosion ProcessesPNNL-19767, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Krupka KM, KJ Cantrell, HT Schaef, BW Arey, SM Heald, WJ Deutsch, and MJ Lindberg. 2010. "Characterizing Solids in Residual Wastes from Single-Shell Tanks at the Hanford Site." Radwaste Solutions 17(2):64-75. 
  • Kukkadapu RK, N Qafoku, BW Arey, CT Resch, and PE Long. 2010. "Effect of Extent of Natural Subsurface Bioreduction on Fe-mineralogy of Subsurface Sediments." Journal of Physics: Conference Series 217(1):012047 1-8.  doi:10.1088/1742-6596/217/1/012047
  • Pan A, J Liu, J Zhang, W Xu, GH Cao, Z Nie, BW Arey, and S Liang. 2010. "Nano-Structured Li3V2(PO4)3 /Carbon Composite for High Rate Lithium Ion Batteries." Electrochemistry Communications 12(12):1674-1677.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2010.09.014
  • Pan A, J Liu, J Zhang, GH Cao, W Xu, Z Nie, J Xiao, D Choi, BW Arey, CM Wang, and S Liang. 2010. "Template Free Synthesis of LiV3O8 Nanorods as a Cathode Material for High-Rate Secondary Lithium Batteries ." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(4):1153-1161.  doi:10.1039/c0jm02810j
  • Pan A, J Zhang, Z Nie, GH Cao, BW Arey, G Li, S Liang, and J Liu. 2010. "Facile synthesized nanorod structured vanadium pentoxide for high-rate lithium batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20(41):9193-9199.  doi:10.1039/C0JM01306D
  • Peretyazhko T, JM Zachara, DW Kennedy, JK Fredrickson, BW Arey, JP McKinley, CM Wang, A Dohnalkova, and Y Xia. 2010. "Ferrous Phosphate Surface Precipitates Resulting from the Reduction of Intragrain 6-line Ferrihydrite by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 ." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74(13):3751-3767.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2010.04.008
  • Peretyazhko T, JM Zachara, DW Kennedy, JK Fredrickson, BW Arey, JP McKinley, CM Wang, A Dohnalkova, and Y Xia. 2010. "Ferrous phosphate surface precipitates resulting from the reduction of intragrain 6-line ferrihydrite by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74(13):3751-3767.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2010.04.008
  • Reardon CL, A Dohnalkova, P Nachimuthu, DW Kennedy, D Saffarini, BW Arey, L Shi, Z Wang, DA Moore, JS Mclean, DM Moyles, MJ Marshall, JM Zachara, JK Fredrickson, and AS Beliaev. 2010. "Role of Outer-Membrane Cytochromes MtrC and OmcA in the Biomineralization of Ferrihydrite by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1." Geobiology 8(1):56-68.  doi:10.1111/j.1472-4669.2009.00226.x
  • Wang CM, W Xu, J Liu, D Choi, BW Arey, LV Saraf, J Zhang, Z Yang, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, and N Salmon. 2010. "In-situ Transmission Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy Studies of Interfaces in Li-ion Batteries: Challenges and Opportunities." Journal of Materials Research 25(8):1541-1547.  doi:10.1557/JMR.2010.0198


  • Qafoku N, RK Kukkadapu, JP McKinley, BW Arey, SD Kelly, CM Wang, CT Resch, and PE Long. 2009. "Uranium in Framboidal Pyrite from a Naturally Bioreduced Alluvial Sediment ." Environmental Science & Technology 43(22):8528-8534 .  doi:10.1021/es9017333
  • Neiner D, AJ Karkamkar, JC Linehan, BW Arey, T Autrey, and SM Kauzlarich. 2009. "Promotion of Hydrogen Release from Ammonia Borane with Mechanically Activated Hexagonal Boron Nitride." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113(3):1098-1103.  doi:10.1021/jp8087385
  • Krupka KM, KJ Cantrell, HT Schaef, BW Arey, SM Heald, WJ Deutsch, and MJ Lindberg. 2009. "Characterization of Solids in Residual Wastes from Single-Shell Tanks at the Hanford Site, Washington, USA - 9277." In WM2009 Waste Management for the Nuclear Renaissance, March 1-5, 2009, Phoenix, Arizona.  WM Symposia Inc., Tempe , AZ. 
  • Krupka KM, MA Parkhurst, K Gold, BW Arey, ED Jenson, and RA Guilmette. 2009. "Physicochemical Characterization of Capstone Depleted Uranium Aerosols III: Morphologic and Chemical Oxide Analyses." Health Physics 93(3):276-291.  doi:10.1097/01.HP.0000298229.60229.10
  • Peretyazhko T, JM Zachara, JF Boily, Y Xia, PL Gassman, BW Arey, and WD Burgos. 2009. "Mineralogical transformations controlling acid mine drainage chemistry." Chemical Geology 262(3-4):169-178. 
  • Qafoku N, L Zhong, CJ Thompson, C Liu, BW Arey, AV Mitroshkov, and RG Riley. 2009. "Physical control on CCl4 and CHCl3 desorption from artificially contaminated and aged sediments with supercritical carbon dioxide ." Chemosphere 74(4):494-500. 
  • Smith SC, M Douglas, DA Moore, RK Kukkadapu, and BW Arey. 2009. "Uranium Extraction From Laboratory Synthesized, Uranium-Doped Hydrous Ferric Oxides ." Environmental Science & Technology 43:2341-2347. 
  • Templeton AS, AS Knowles, DL Eldridge, BW Arey, A Dohnalkova, SM Webb, BE Bailey, BM Tebo, and H Staudigel. 2009. "A Seafloor Microbial Biome Hosted within Incipient Ferromanganese Crusts." Nature Geoscience 2(12):872-876. 


  • Cantrell KJ, KN Geiszler, and BW Arey. 2008. Plutonium Mobility Studies: 216-Z-9 Trench Sample Analysis Results PNNL-17839, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Cantrell KJ, KM Krupka, KN Geiszler, MJ Lindberg, BW Arey, and HT Schaef. 2008. Hanford Tank 241-S-112 Residual Waste Composition and Leach Test DataPNNL-17593, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Cantrell KJ, KM Krupka, WJ Deutsch, MJ Lindberg, HT Schaef, KN Geiszler, and BW Arey. 2008. Hanford Tank 241-C-103 Residual Waste Contaminant Release Models and Supporting DataPNNL-16738, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Goering J, U Burghaus, BW Arey, O Eidelman, A Zak, and R Tenne. 2008. "Reactive and non-reactive interactions of thiophene with WS2 fullerene-like nanoparticles: an ultra-high vacuum surface chemistry study ." Catalysis Letters 125(3-4):236-242.  doi:10.1007/s10562-008-9565-7
  • Mattigod SV, DM Wellman, JN Glovack, BW Arey, and MI Wood. 2008. "Meta-Autunite Solubility as Related to Uranium Minerals in Concrete Waste Forms." In Actinides 2008 - Basic Science, Applications and Technology, Materials Research Society Proceedings, vol. 1104, ed. B. Chung, et al, pp. 195-201.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Shin Y, IT Bae, BW Arey, and GJ Exarhos. 2008. "Facile stabilization of gold-silver alloy nanoparticles on cellulose nanocrystal." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112(13):4844-4848.  doi:10.1021/jp710767w
  • Shin Y, LQ Wang, IT Bae, BW Arey, and GJ Exarhos. 2008. "Hydrothermal Syntheses of Colloidal Carbon Spheres from Cyclodextrins." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112(37):14236-14240.  doi:10.1021/jp801343y


  • Wellman DM, SV Mattigod, BW Arey, MI Wood, and SW Forrester. 2007. "Experimental Limitations Regarding the Formation and Characterization of Uranium-Mineral Phases in Concrete Waste Forms." Cement and Concrete Research 37(2):151-160. 
  • Deutsch WJ, KM Krupka, MJ Lindberg, KJ Cantrell, CF Brown, SV Mattigod, HT Schaef, and BW Arey. 2007. Hanford Tanks 241-C-202 and 241-C-203 Residual Waste Contaminant Release Models and Supporting DataPNNL-16229, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Flaherty DW, Z Dohnalek, A Dohnalkova, BW Arey, DE McCready, N Ponnusany, CB Mullins, and BD Kay. 2007. "Reactive Ballistic Deposition of Porous TiO2 Films: Growth and Characterization." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111(12):4765-4773.  doi:10.1021/jp067641m
  • Krupka KM, WJ Deutsch, HT Schaef, BW Arey, SM Heald, MJ Lindberg, and KJ Cantrell. 2007. "Characterization of Solids in Residual Wastes from Underground Storage Tanks at the Hanford Site, Washington, U.S.A." In 30th International Symposium on Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management, Boston, November 27 - December 1, 2006. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 985, ed. D.E. Dunn, C. Poinssot, and B. Begg, pp. 473-482.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Pierce EM, BP McGrail, PPNNL Martin, JC Marra, BW Arey, and KN Geiszler. 2007. "Accelerated Weathering of High-Level and Plutonium-bearing Lanthanide Borosilicate Waste Glasses under Hydraulically Unsaturated Conditions." Applied Geochemistry 22(9):1841-1859.  doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2007.03.056
  • Shin Y, BW Arey, CM Wang, XS Li, MH Engelhard, and GE Fryxell. 2007. "Synthesis and Characterization of Phosphate-coated Mesoporous Titania and Cd-doping of Same via Ion-Exchange." Inorganic Chemistry Communications 10(6):642-645.  doi:10.1016/j.inoche.2007.02.016
  • Shin Y, IT Bae, BW Arey, and GJ Exarhos. 2007. "Simple Preparation and Stabilization of Nickel Nanocrystals on Cellulose Nanocrystal." Materials Letters 64(14-15):3215-3217.  doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2006.11.036
  • Shin Y, JM Blackwood, IT Bae, BW Arey, and GJ Exarhos. 2007. "Synthesis and stabilization of selenium nanoparticles on cellulose nanocrystal ." Materials Letters 61(21):4297-4300.  doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2007.01.091
  • Yao C, Y Shin, LQ Wang, CF Windisch, Jr, WD Samuels, BW Arey, CM Wang, WM Risen Jr., and GJ Exarhos. 2007. "Hydrothermal Dehydration of Aqueous Fructose Solutions in a Closed System ." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111(42):15141-15145.  doi:10.1021/jp074188l
  • Zhao H, JH Kwak, ZC Zhang, HM Brown, BW Arey, and JE Holladay. 2007. "Studying Cellulose Fiber Structure by SEM, XRD, NMR and Acid Hydrolysis." Carbohydrate Polymers 68(2):235-241.  doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2006.12.013


  • Joensson CT, IA Maximov, HJ Whitlow, V Shutthanandan, LV Saraf, DE McCready, BW Arey, Y Zhang, and S Thevuthasan. 2006. "Synthesis and Characterization of Cobalt Silicide Films on Silicon." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 249(1-2):532-535.  doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2006.03.046
  • Krupka KM, CF Brown, HT Schaef, SM Heald, MM Valenta, and BW Arey. 2006. "Rhenium Uptake, as Analogue for Tc-99, by Steel Corrosion Products." In Proceedings of the 11th International High-Level Radioactive Waste Management Conference (IHLRWM), April 30 - May 4, 2006, Las Vegas, Nevada, ed. B. Sagar (Technical Program Chair), pp. 905-912.  American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, IL. 
  • Krupka KM, HT Schaef, BW Arey, SM Heald, WJ Deutsch, MJ Lindberg, and KJ Cantrell. 2006. "Residual Waste from Hanford Tanks 241-C-203 and 241-C-204. I. Solids Characterization." Environmental Science and Technology 40(12):3749-3754, and sup. info. file. 
  • Zhang Y, J Jensen, G Possnert, DA Grove, DE McCready, BW Arey, and WJ Weber. 2006. "Electronic Stopping Forces of Heavy Ions in Metal Oxides." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 249(1-2):18-21.  doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2006.03.013


  • Deutsch WJ, KM Krupka, KJ Cantrell, CF Brown, MJ Lindberg, HT Schaef, SM Heald, BW Arey, and RK Kukkadapu. 2005. Advances in Geochemical Testing of Key Contaminants in Residual Hanford Tank Waste PNNL-15372, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Douglas M, SB Clark, JI Friese, BW Arey, EC Buck, and BD Hanson. 2005. "Neptunium(V) Partitioning to Uranium(VI) Oxide and Peroxide Solids." Environmental Science and Technology 39(11):4117-4124. 
  • Douglas M, SB Clark, JI Friese, BW Arey, EC Buck, BD Hanson, S Utsunomiya, and RC Ewing. 2005. "Microscale Characterization of Uranium(VI) Silicate Solids and Associated Neptunium(V)." Radiochimica Acta 93(5):265-272. 
  • Hanson BD, BK McNamara, EC Buck, JI Friese, ED Jenson, KM Krupka, and BW Arey. 2005. "Corrosion of commercial spent nuclear fuel. 1. Formation of studtite and metastudtite." Radiochimica Acta 93:159-168. 



  • Izak P, PR Hrma, BW Arey, and TJ Plaisted. 2001. "Effect of Feed Melting, Temperature History and Minor Component Addition on Spinel Crystallization in High-Level Waste Glass." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 289(1-3):17-29. 
  • Izak P, PR Hrma, BW Arey, and TJ Plaisted. 2001. "Effect of feed melting, temperature history, and minor component addition on spinel crystallization in high-level waste glass." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 289(1-3):17-29. 

Nuclear Chemistry & Engineering

Additional Information

Primary Contacts

Karl Pool
Analytical Support Operations Lead

Don Bachand
RPL R&D Operations Manager